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Operating Income/EV

Navigate the Depths of the Operating Income/EV Ratio in Financial Analysis

Compact Explanation

Operating Income/EV is the ratio of operating income to enterprise value.

Calculation of financial term 'Operating Income / EV'


The Operating Income/EV ratio, often associated with the school of value investing, is a crucial metric that can aid investors in identifying undervalued companies with high potential. With this guide, we aim to demystify this ratio and its significance in investment analysis.


The Operating Income/EV (Enterprise Value) ratio is a variant of the widely used EBIT/EV (Earnings Before Interest and Taxes/Enterprise Value) ratio. It measures the return on the total value of a company, which includes not only the equity value but also the debt and cash held by the company.

Context and Use

In the world of finance, the Operating Income/EV ratio is typically used to compare potential investment opportunities. It's particularly prevalent in the field of value investing, where the goal is to identify businesses that are undervalued relative to their true worth.

Detailed Explanation

The Operating Income/EV ratio is calculated as follows:

Operating Income/EV = Operating Income / Enterprise Value

The Operating Income is obtained from a company's income statement and reflects the earnings before interest and taxes. The Enterprise Value, on the other hand, is a measure of a company's total value, computed as:

Enterprise Value = Market Capitalization + Total Debt - Cash and Cash Equivalents

Example Calculation Case

Consider a company with an Operating Income of $2 million, a Market Capitalization of $10 million, Total Debt of $5 million, and Cash and Cash Equivalents of $1 million. The Enterprise Value and the Operating Income/EV ratio are calculated as:

Enterprise Value = $10 million + $5 million - $1 million = $14 million Operating Income/EV = $2 million / $14 million = 0.143 or 14.3%

This means for every dollar of total value (equity plus net debt), the company generates 14.3 cents of operating income.

Key Takeaways

  1. The Operating Income/EV ratio measures the return on the total value of a company.

  2. It's frequently used in value investing to identify potentially undervalued companies.

  3. The ratio is calculated by dividing the Operating Income by the Enterprise Value.


  1. What does the Operating Income/EV ratio indicate? - It indicates the return a company generates on its total value, including equity, debt, and cash. A higher ratio may suggest a company is undervalued.

  2. How is the Operating Income/EV ratio calculated? - It's calculated by dividing the Operating Income by the Enterprise Value.

  3. Why is the Operating Income/EV ratio important to investors? - This ratio is crucial for investors, especially those employing a value investing strategy, as it helps identify potentially undervalued companies.

  4. Is a higher Operating Income/EV ratio always better? - Generally, a higher Operating Income/EV ratio can be an indication of an undervalued company. However, it's essential to consider other factors and ratios to gain a more comprehensive understanding of a company's financial health.

  5. What's the difference between EBIT/EV and Operating Income/EV ratios? - The difference lies in the numerator. While EBIT includes non-operating income and expenses, Operating Income includes only income and expenses related to a company's core operations.

  6. Can the Operating Income/EV ratio vary across industries? - Yes, it can vary significantly across different industries due to varying operating income margins and capital structures. It's advisable to compare the ratios of companies within the same industry.


The Operating Income/EV ratio is a vital tool in the arsenal of any value investor. It provides a more comprehensive view of a company's profitability relative to its total value, including equity, debt, and cash. Understanding this ratio is essential for making informed investment decisions.

Disclaimer: This article is intended for informational purposes only and does not constitute financial advice. Always conduct your own research and consult with a professional financial advisor before making any investment decisions.