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Comprehensive Analysis of EV/FCF: Calculation, Application, and Importance


Enterprise-Value-to-Free-Cash-Flow (EV/FCF) is a critical valuation metric utilized by investors and financial analysts globally to determine a company's worth relative to its free cash flow.

Enterprise Value / Free Cash Flow (EV/FCF) This guide aims to provide a thorough understanding of the EV/FCF ratio, including its computation, application, and importance in financial analysis.


The EV/FCF ratio compares a company's enterprise value (EV) to its free cash flow (FCF). This valuation ratio provides an overview of a company's total value, encompassing both equity and debt, in relation to its available cash flow.

Context and Use

The EV/FCF ratio is typically used in investment analysis to assess a company's valuation. A lower ratio might suggest that a company is undervalued, providing an attractive investment opportunity. It's particularly useful when evaluating firms with significant cash flows and firms in capital-intensive industries.

Detailed Explanation

The EV/FCF ratio is calculated by dividing a company's enterprise value (EV) by its free cash flow (FCF).

The formula for EV/FCF is:

EV/FCF = Enterprise Value (EV) / Free Cash Flow (FCF)


For example, Company Y has:

  • Enterprise Value (EV): $1,000,000

  • Free Cash Flow (FCF): $200,000

Using the EV/FCF formula, we get:

EV/FCF = $1,000,000 (EV) / $200,000 (FCF) = 5

Thus, the EV/FCF ratio for Company Y is 5.

Related Terms

  • Enterprise Value (EV): Represents the total value of a business, encompassing both debt and equity.

  • Free Cash Flow (FCF): The cash a company produces through its operations, less the cost of expenditures on assets.

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ)

  1. What does a low EV/FCF ratio indicate? A low EV/FCF ratio may suggest that a company is undervalued, indicating a potentially good investment opportunity.

  2. Why use EV/FCF instead of P/FCF ratio? Unlike the P/FCF ratio, the EV/FCF ratio accounts for a company's debt, providing a more comprehensive overview of a company's valuation.

  3. What is considered a good EV/FCF ratio? This varies by industry. However, a lower EV/FCF ratio generally indicates that a company may be undervalued.

  4. Can EV/FCF be negative? Yes, the EV/FCF ratio can be negative if the company's free cash flow is negative.

  5. How does EV/FCF assist in investment decisions? EV/FCF helps investors evaluate a company's valuation in relation to its free cash flow, providing insights that assist in making informed investment decisions.

Key Takeaways

The EV/FCF ratio is a significant financial metric that gives investors an insight into a company's value compared to its free cash flow. It's particularly useful when evaluating companies in capital-intensive industries or those with significant cash flows.


Understanding the EV/FCF ratio is crucial for successful investment analysis. This key financial metric offers investors a comprehensive picture of a company's value relative to its available cash, serving as a vital tool in the financial landscape.

Disclaimer: This guide is intended to provide a fundamental understanding of the financial term "EV/FCF" and does not constitute investment advice. Investment decisions should be based on an individual's specific financial needs, goals, and risk profile. SimFin encourages readers to consult with a qualified financial advisor before making any investment decisions. While this content aims to be accurate and timely, SimFin does not guarantee the accuracy, completeness, or timeliness of the information. SimFin is not responsible for any loss sustained by any actions taken in reliance upon this information.